Journal Arbitreris concern in publishing research on language policy, minority and less widely taught languages, linguistic rights, language ecology, pluralistic approach to languages, acquisition and development of plurilingual competence, interdisciplinary language sensitive teaching, mediation, intercultural dialogue development, and plurilingual didactics.

The journal publishes research papers in the all the fields of language, language teaching, and linguistics such as:

  • Multilingualism
  • Linguistics right
  • Language and Ecology
  • Language and pluralistics society
  • Language acquisition and development
  • Language teaching in multicultural society
  • Minority and endanger language
  • Intercultural communication

Since 2017, all papers submitted to the journal should be written in English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked before submission for grammar and clarity. English language and copyediting services can be provided by Language Center of Universitas Andalas. The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. The official language of the manuscript to be published in journal Arbitrer is English.

Please read The Arbitrer guidelines and follow these instructions carefully. Manuscripts that not fulfill the instructions will be returned for revision without review. The Chief Executive Editor reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these guidelines.

All manuscripts must be submitted Arbitrer is using Online Submission at Arbitrer Web Portal, where authors are required to register as Author by online. If authors have any problem in registration and online submission, please contact Editorial Office at the following email: arbitrer@fib.unand.ac.id and cc to handoko@hum.unand.ac.id.

 

MANUSCRIPT PREPARATION

Manuscript Types

Arbitrer accepts submission for the following types. 

1. Regular article

Regular articles are full-length original empirical investigations and research, consisting of introduction, methods, results and discussion, conclusions.  Original work must provide references and an explanation on research findings that contain new and significant findings.

Note: The article should in no more than 7000 words (excluding the abstract, references, tables and/or figures), with minimum of 20 references, and an abstract of 200-300 words.

2. Review 

The review article is a critical evaluation of materials about current research that has already been published by organizing, integrating, and evaluating previously published materials. It summarizes the status of knowledge and outlines future directions of research within the journal scope. It aims to provide systemic overviews, evaluations, and interpretations of research in a given field. The manuscript title must start with "Review Article:".

Note: The articles is about 5000-7000 words, include appropriate figures and/or tables, and an abstract of 200-300 words. 

Language Accuracy

Arbitrer emphasizes on language accuracy.  It must be written in English with clear and concise grammatical English. The authors are suggested to have the manuscript checked by a colleague or reputable institution. The author must provide submission with Certificate of Check from a reputable institution. As an alternative, the author also suggests using grammar check application, such as Grammarly. 

MANUSCRIPT FORMAT

The paper should be submitted in A4 size with two column. The margin 2.5 cm for each side and 1.5 spacing throughout. The document must be in MS Word format with Times New Roman 11-point font. 

Manuscript Structure

Title & Abstract

Title and abstract must be in one column format with following items:

 Title

This page should only contain the running title of your paper. The running title is an abbreviated title used as the running head on every page of the manuscript. The running title should not exceed 60 characters, counting letters and spaces.

Author(s) and Corresponding author information.

This page should contain the full title of your paper not exceeding 25 words, with name(s) of all the authors, institutions and corresponding author's name, institution and full address (Street address, telephone number (including extension), handphone number, and e-mail address) for editorial correspondence. First and corresponding authors must be clearly indicated.

Abstract

This page should repeat the full title of your paper with only the Abstract (the abstract should be arround 200-300 words. A good abstract summarizes the complete report content, including at least one sentence per section: purpose/objective, method, results, and conclusion/implication.

Keywords.

Keywords: Not more than eight keywords in alphabetical order must be provided to describe the contents of the manuscript. 

Content

Content must be prepared according to IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results, And Discussion) along with Conclusion, References, and Supplementary data (if available).

The Introduction explains the scope and objective of the study in the light of current knowledge on the subject. It is also have to mention gab analysis which describe why the research is significant. The Introduction of your report is organized as a funnel that begins with a definition of why the research is being performed and ends with a specific statement of your research approach. In published journal articles, there are at least 15 citations required in the introduction that support the need for the research or show upon which theories your experiment relies.

Methods describes how the study was conducted; Include sufficient details for the work to be repeated. The methods section describes actions to be taken to investigate a research problem and the rationale for the application of specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information applied to understanding the problem, thereby, allowing the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability. The method section of a research paper answers two main questions: How was the data collected or generated? And, how was it analyzed? The writing should be direct and precise and always written in the past tense.

Results section reports what was found in the study; The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. A section describing results is particularly necessary if your paper includes data generated from your own research.

Discussion section explains meaning and significance of the results and provides suggestions for future directions of research. The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but it does not simply repeat or rearrange the introduction; the discussion should always explain how your study has moved the reader's understanding of the research problem forward from where you left them at the end of the introduction. It is also important to discuss the findings and relate them with the previous studies or concepts to indicate the critical discussion on the issue and how the findings contribute to the current issue. Please add at least 10 references in the discussion

The manuscript must be prepared according to the Journal’s instructions to authors.

Table, Figure, and Image

All tables should be prepared in a form consistent with recent issues of Arbitrer and should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals.  The explanatory material should be given in the table legends and footnotes.  Each table should be prepared on a new page, embedded in the manuscript.

Note: When a manuscript is submitted for publication, tables must also be submitted separately as data - .doc, .rtf, Excel or PowerPoint files- because tables submitted as image data cannot be edited for publication and are usually in low-resolution.

Submit an original figure or photograph.  Line drawings must be clear, with high black and white contrast.  Each figure or photograph should be prepared on a new page, embedded in the manuscript for reviewing to keep the file of the manuscript under 5 MB. These should be numbered consecutively with Roman numerals.

Figures or photographs must also be submitted separately as TIFF, JPEG, or Excel files- because figures or photographs submitted in low-resolution embedded in the manuscript cannot be accepted for publication. For electronic figures, create your figures using applications that are capable of preparing high-resolution TIFF files. In general, we require 300 dpi or higher resolution for colored and half-tone artwork, and 1200 dpi or higher for line drawings are required.

NOTE: Failure to comply with these specifications will require new figures and delay in publication. 

General rules on Figures and Tables

  • All Figures and Tables should be numbered sequentially (e.g. Table 1, Table 2 etc.) and cite each one in your writing as Table 1 or Figure 1.
  • All tables should be referenced in the text of the paper and in the reference list.
  • Each table should have an individual title. Each word in the title should be italicized and capitalized except with, of, in, and, etc.
Conclusion

A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. For most essays, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two or three paragraph conclusion may be required.
 

References

Arbitrer follows APA style (7th ed.) for citation and referencing. References begin on their own page and are listed in alphabetical order by the first author's last name. Only references cited within the text should be included. Ensure that in-text (Citation) references are quoted as per the APA in-text citation style. You are, therefore advise to format all citations and referencing according to the APA Style Manual (7th Edition)

All references should be in 12-point font and double-spaced. We strongly suggest the writer uses reference manager, such as Mendeley. 

  

General Guidelines

Abbreviations: Define alphabetically, other than abbreviations that can be used without definition.  Words or phrases that are abbreviated in the introduction and following text should be written out in full the first time that they appear in the text, with each abbreviated form in parenthesis. Include the common name or scientific name, or both, of animal and plant materials.

Acknowledgements: Individuals and entities that have provided essential support such as research grants and fellowships and other sources of funding should be acknowledged. Contributions that do not involve researching (clerical assistance or personal acknowledgments) should not appear in acknowledgments.

Authors’ Affiliation: The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved to another institution, the current address may also be stated in the footer.

Co-Authors: The commonly accepted guideline for authorship is that one must have substantially contributed to the development of the paper and share accountability for the results. Researchers should decide who will be an author and what order they will be listed depending upon their order of importance to the study. Other contributions should be cited in the manuscript's Acknowledgements.

Copyright Permissions: Authors should seek necessary permissions for quotations, artwork, boxes or tables taken from other publications or from other freely available sources on the Internet before submission to Arbitrer. The acknowledgment must be given to the original source in the illustration legend, in a table footnote, or at the end of the quotation.

Page Numbering: Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered.

Spelling: The journal uses American or British spelling and authors may follow the latest edition of the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary for British spellings. We suggest the author to use grammar checker, such as Grammarly

 

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

Submission received electronically using the online submission system. For more information, go to our web page and clickOnline Submission”.

Please do not submit manuscripts to the editor-in-chief or to any other office directly.  Any queries must be directed to the Chief Executive Editor's office via email to arbitrer@hum.unand.ac.id.  

 

HARDCOPIES OF THE JOURNALS AND OFF PRINTS

Under the Journal’s open access initiative, authors can choose to download free material (via PDF link) from any of the journal issues from Arbitrer’s website http://arbitrer.fib.unand.ac.id under “Current Issues” or “Archives". The corresponding author for all articles will receive one complimentary hardcopy of the journal in which his/her articles is published by adding cost for shipping. Additional copies of the journals may be purchased by writing to the Chief Executive Editor.