Code Switching Used by English Lecturers During Teaching as Found in Padang State University

Main Article Content

Widya Fhitri



This research focuses on the study of the types of code switching and the reasons for lecturers to use the code switching that is based on Wardaugh's theory and supported by Gumperz. The data was collected by using field method, with several steps, namely: following the lecturer, recording techniques, field recording, and interviews. From several data were examined, it was found three types of code switching. Conversations type is a type of code switching that often appear, followed by the type of situational and metaphorical. In addition, it was found seven reasons for the use of code switching in teaching and learning, namely the influence of students who first use the Indonesian language, ignorance of the students to the lecturers' explanation , the emphasis on the previous statement, search the attention of the students because they make noise in the classroom, liquefaction the tense atmosphere with a little joke, forgetfulness some of the terms in English, and no equivalent word in English when giving an example of a lesson.


Download data is not yet available.


Bhatia, Tej. K and William C. Ritchie. (2006). The handbook of Bilingualism. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Gumperz, J.J. (1982). Discourse strategies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hoffman, Charlotte. (1996). An Introduction to Bilingualism 4th impression. UK: Longman Ltd.

Holmes, Janet. (2000). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. New Zealand: Longman.

Hudson, R.A. (1980). Sociolinguistics. London: Cambridge University Press.

---------------- (1996). Sociolinguistics. (2nd ed). Cambridge University Press.

Mahsun. (2005). Metode penelitian bahasa: tahapan strategi metode dan tekniknya. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Milroy, Lesley and Mathew Gordon. (2003). Sociolinguistics methods and interpretation. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Sudaryanto. (1993). Metode dan aneka teknik analisa bahasa. Yogyakarta: Duta Wacana University Press.

Wardaugh, Ronald.(1988). An Introduction to sociolinguistics. Great Britain: Basil Blackwell Ltd.

Wei, Li. (2000). The bilingualism reader. London and New York: Routledge.