The Syntax of the Genitive Case in Longus’ Novel Daphnis and Chloe

Main Article Content

Inesa Chakal


Genitive, inflection, ancient Greek, syntactic functions


This study aims to explore the syntactic functions and characteristics of the genitive case in the ancient Greek novel “Daphnis and Chloe” by Longus, a text from the 2nd century AD, which exemplifies the “second sophistic” period of rhetorical development. The primary source for this research is the text of “Daphnis and Chloe”, which has been thoroughly analysed to ascertain the usage of the genitive case in various syntactic roles. The research employs descriptive and structural methods of linguistic analysis. The descriptive method identifies and explains instances of the genitive case within the text, while the structural method examines the relationships between these instances and other linguistic elements. The genitive case in the novel is found to perform multiple syntactic functions, including controlling verbs, nouns, adjectives, and expressing various semantic nuances. Detailed examples are provided to illustrate these functions and their impact on the text’s meaning. The findings offer a foundation for further studies of the genitive case in ancient Greek texts, providing significant insights for researchers and linguists interested in ancient Greek grammar and its syntactic constructions. The study enhances understanding of ancient rhetorical techniques and their application in literary texts during the “second sophistic” period.


Download data is not yet available.


Azaz, M. (2020). Structural surface overlap and derivational complexity in crosslinguistic transfer: Acquisition of English genitive alternation by Egyptian Arabic-speaking learners. Second Language Research, 36(4), 529-556.
Bowie, E. (2023). Animals, Slaves and Masters in Longus’ Daphnis and Chloe (2019). In: Essays on Ancient Greek Literature and Culture (pp. 863-883). Cambridge: University Press.
Cohen, E. (2019). Semitic Genitive Constructions: An Expanded View. Journal of Semitic Studies, 64(1), 1-50.
Cozad, M. (2019). Trent, Literary Theory, and Sixteenth-Century Adaptations of Daphnis and Chloe. In E. Cueva, S. Harrison, H. Mason, W. Owens, S. Schwartz (Eds.), Re-Wiring the Ancient Novel (pp. 61-74). Groningen: Barkhuis.
Dean, R.J. (2003). Greek Grammar. For Those Who Don’t Know Greek. Preston: Preston City Bible Church.
Demerre, O. (2020). Issue-and Idea-theory in Longus’ Pastoral Trial. A Stormy Debate, 74(3), 423-447.
Gill, C. (2019). Style and ethos in Longus’ Daphnis and Chloe. In K. Chew, J.R. Morgan, S.M. Trzaskoma (Eds.), Literary Currents and Romantic Forms (pp. 113-136). Groningen: Barkhuis.
Goldhill, S. (2020). Finding the Time for Ancient Novels. Daedalus, 150(1), 26-39.
Heller, B., & Szmrecsanyi, B. (2019). Possessives World-Wide: Genitive Variation in Varieties of English. In: N. Yáñez-Bouza, E. Moore, L. van Bergen, W.B. Hollmann (Eds.), Categories, Constructions, and Change in English Syntax (pp. 315-335). Cambridge: University Press.
Jolowicz, D. (2021). Latin Poetry in the Ancient Greek Novels. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kim, M. (2021). Genitive Alternations of the One’s Own Possessive Construction. Language and Information, 25(1), 21-56.
Kovalov, Yu.I. (2007). Literary encyclopedia. Kyiv: Academy.
Louw, J.P. (1966). Linguistic Theory and The Greek Case System. Acta Classica, 9, 73-88.
Lychuk, M.I. (2022). Grammatical valence in the structure of syntactically non-segmented word-combination. International Journal of Philology, 13(4(2)), 17-27.
Maciver, C.A. (2020). Longus’ narrator: a reassessment. The Classical Quarterly, 70(2), 1-19.
Makar, I. (2010). Longus and his novel “Daphnis and Chloe”. Chernivtsi: Chernivtsi National University.
Morgan, J.R. (2020). Dirty Love: The Genealogy of the Ancient Greek Novel by Tim Whitmarsh. Common Knowledge, 26(3), 438-439.
Olishchuk, R. (1996). Greek. Syntax. Lviv: LBA.
Romaniuk, O., & Yavorska, L. (2022). Complimenting behaviour in young adults’ first impression scripts. Analele Universitatii din Craiova – Seria Stiinte Filologice, Lingvistica, 44(1-2), 168-187.
Ryskulova, G., Satybaldieva, G., & Sartbekova, N. (2022). The Semantics of Morphological Means of Expressing Human Emotions. Studies in Media and Communication, 10(3), 34-39.
Schönberger, O. (1973). Longus. Hirtengeschichten von Daphnis und Chloe: Griechisch und deutsch. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag.
Shapauov, A., Zhusupov, N., Baratova, M., Bakhytzhan, K., Zhanar, T., Aiman, A., Meyramgul, Z., & Agaliyeva, N. (2014). Dramatic effect, style and speech of characters of literary and art piece (from epos to drama). Life Science Journal, 11(4), 311-315.
Shynkaruk, V. (2023). Revisiting syntax of coherent speech. International Journal of Philology, 14(2), 6-12.
Waller, E. (2022). Gender Constitution and Reversible Potentiality: The Making of the Masculine Subject in Longus’s Daphnis and Chloe. Differences, 33(1), 92-118.
Wouters, A. (1987). Irony in Daphnis’ and Chloe’s Love Lessons. Quaderni Urbinati di Cultura Classica, 26(2), article number: 111.
Ziak, P., Sakhipzhamal, U., Zeinesh, M., Tanzharikova, A., & Kulgildinova, T. (2022). The image of the lifeworld in philosophy and fiction narratives. XLinguae, 15(1), 194-201.
Zvonska, L.L., Koroleva, N.V., Lazer-Pankiv, O.V., Levko, O.V., Luchkanin, S.M., Myronova, V.M., Mykhaylova, O.G., Lefterova, O.M., Mosenkis, Yu.L., Nychayuk, S.P., Polishchuk, A.S., Ruda, N.V., Shovkovy, V.M., & Shtychenko, I.Yu. (2017). Encyclopedic dictionary of classical languages. Kyiv: Kyiv University.